Smart Grammar #7 La conjugación de los verbos

La conjugacion de los verbos

Smart Grammar #7 La conjugación de los verbos.

 

Bienvenidos a este nuevo post de gramática, Smart Grammar #7!

Los verbos son animales raros.cambian dependiendo de cuál es el sujeto.

 

Por ejemplo, aquí tienes diez cosas que tendrías que saber sobre mi:

 

I am Eugenio (Yo soy Eugenio).

I eat a hearty breakfast in the morning (Yo como un desayuno abundante por la mañana).

I work as an English Teacher (Trabajo como profesor de Inglés).

I love listening to music (Me encanta escuchar musica).

I go to the cinema every week (Voy al cinema cada semana).

 

Como podéis ver acabo de subrayar los verbos y como podéis ver están escritos en su forma infinitiva (a excepción de “I am” que es irregular).

Algunas veces nos referimos a estos verbos como el  “tiempo presente”.

 

Aquí tienes diez cosas que tendrías que saber acerca de mi buen amigo Michael:

Imaginare que estoy hablando con él, por lo que lo pondré en segunda persona.

 

You are Michael.

You eat a hearty breakfast in the morning.

You work as an English teacher.

You love listening to music.

You go to the cinema every week.

 

A parte del verbo “be” que se ha transformado en “are” no hay cambios en los verbos.

 

Aquí hay diez cosas que tendrías que saber acerca de mi buena amiga Catherine.

En este caso hablaré sobre ella, por lo que hablaré en tercera persona.

 

She is Catherine

She eats a hearty breakfast in the morning

She works as an English teacher

She loves listening to music

She goes to the cinema every week

 

Fijaros en lo que acaba de pasar.Ahora que estamos utilizando la tercera persona el verbo ha cambiado. En muchos de los verbos hay una “s” al final. La excepción es el verbo “be” que ya hemos analizado en el anterior post! De hecho “be” es un verbo inusual que inflexiona de una manera inusual también.

Debemos tener esto claro. Cuando utilizamos la tercera persona generalmente necesitamos poner una “s” al final del verbo.

Sin embargo, no he sido completamente honesto acerca de mis amigos Michael y Catherine.

Michael enseña conmigo en el colegio, pero Catherine hace algo totalmente distinto.

Rescribiré estas frases diciendo la verdad…

 

Michael

 

You are indeed Michael.

You do eat a hearty breakfast in the morning and we often eat together.

You work as an English teacher and you work with me.

You do  love listening to music as much as I do.

 

Hay dos cosas a resaltar. La primera es que el verbo principal no ha cambiado. Sin embargo, para estar o no de acuerdo con la frase utilizamos el verbo auxiliar “Do”.

Para enfatizar la verdad sobre la frase utilizaremos el verbo auxiliar “Do”. Para crear una frase negativa utilizaremos “Don’t”. A pesar de que el verbo “Be” no ha cambiado, no podemos usar el “be” con el auxiliar “Do”.

 

Catherine

 

She is indeed Catherine

She does eat breakfast in the morning but she doesn’t eat a hearty breakfast.

She doesn’t work as an English teacher, she works for the National Health Service.

She does love listening to music, as both Michael and I do.

She does go to the cinema every week.

 

Hay dos cosas que resaltar. La primera es que los verbos principales han vuelto a su forma  “básica”, esto es porque los precede el verbo auxiliar “Do”. Como en el conjunto de frases anterior, para

enfatizar la verdad utilizamos el verbo auxiliar “Do”.

Sin embargo, cuando utilizamos la tercera persona el verbo auxiliar “Do” inflecta.Cambia a “Does”.

Para crear una frase negativa utilizaremos el verbo auxiliar “Doesn’t”.

Nuevamente, a pesar que el verbo “Be” no ha cambiado, notamos que no utilizamos el verbo “Do” con el verbo “Be”.

 

Aquí tenemos un pequeño esquema que estoy seguro os ayudará.Dicho esquema os mostra la inflexión de los verbos según la colocación.Utilizaré el verbo “Be”.

 

I                       am       an English teacher

You                  are

We

They                are

He/She/It         is

 

Ahora utilizaré el verbo “Eat”

 

I                       eat      breakfast every morning

You

We

They

He/She/It        eats

 

Por eso es todo por hoy!

Espero hayaís disfrutado de este Grammar post!!

 

Hasta la proxíma!

Smart Academy Staff.

 

Smart Grammar #7 The conjugation of verbs.

 

Verbs are unusual animals.They change depending on who the subject is.

 

Here are ten things you should know about me:

 

I am Eugenio

I eat a hearty breakfast in the morning.

I work as an English teacher.

I love listening to music.

I go to the cinema every week.

 

I have underlined the verbs in the sentences above. Notice that they are all in their infinitive form

(except for “am”). Sometimes we refer to these as the present tense form of the verb.

 

Here are ten things you should know about my good friend Michael:

 

I will imagine that I am talking to him. Let’s see what happens to the verbs when I change

the subject from the pronoun “I” to “You”. I will write my sentences in the second person.

 

You are Michael.

You eat a hearty breakfast in the morning.

You work as an English teacher.

You love listening to music.

You go to the cinema every week.

 

Apart from the verb “Be”, which has changed to “are”, there are no changes in the verbs at all.

They remain the same. The verbs haven’t changed or inflected.

 

Here are ten things you should know about my good friend Catherine.

 

She is Catherine.

She eats a hearty breakfast in the morning.

She works as an English teacher.

She loves listening to music.

She goes to the cinema every week.
Look at what has happened to the verb. Because we are using the third person, the verbs have changed. On most of the verbs there is an “s” on the end. The exception is the verb “Be”, which we have already talked about in a previous post.

“Be” is an unusual verb as it inflects in unusual ways, unlike most verbs.

So, let’s make this rule clear. When we use the third person we generally need to put an “s” on the

the end of the verb.

However, I have not been entirely honest about my friends Michael and Catherine.

Michael does teach with me in our school but Catherine does something altogether different. I will now rewrite my sentences using the truth.

Michael

 

You are indeed Michael

You do eat a hearty breakfast in the morning and we often eat together.

You do work as an English teacher and you work with me.

You do love listening to music, as much as I do.

You do go to the cinema.

 

There are two things to note. The first is that the main verbs have changed back to their base form.

This is because they are precedeed by the auxiliary verb “Do”.

As in the previous set, to emphasise the truth of a statement we use the auxiliary verb “Do”.

However, when we use the third person the auxiliary verb “Do” inflects. It becomes “Does”.

To create a negative sentence we use the auxiliary verb “Doesn’t”. Again, although the verb “Be” has not changed, notice that we do not use the auxiliary verb “Do” with the verb “Be”.

 

Here is a basic chart that shows how verbs inflect when we use them. I will use the verb “Be”.

 

I                  am                    an English teacher.

You             are

We               

They

He/She/it/    is

 

I will now use my favourite verb “Eat”:

 

I                  eat                    breakfast every morning.

You

We

They           eats

 

That is all for today!

I hope you enjoyed this Grammar post!

 

See you next time!

Smart Academy Staff.